“ To keep our faces toward change, and behave like free spirits in the presence of fate, is strength undefeatable. ”
~ Helen Keller ~
Tir in a Nutshell
Developed by Frank A. Gerbode, M.D., of the Institute for Research in Metapsychology in Menlo Park, California, TIR is a regressive desensitization procedure for reducing or eliminating the negative residual impact of traumatic experience. As such it finds major application in cases of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A one-on-one guided imagery process, TIR is also useful in remediation of specific unwanted stress responses, such as panic attacks, that occur without significant provocation. “Thematic TIR” traces such conditioned responses back through the history of their occurrence in a client’s life to the stressful incidents primarily responsible for their acquisition. The resolution of the primary incidents then reduces or eliminates the target stress response.
As an intervention technique, TIR is both highly structured and client-centered. It is highly structured in that the therapist who is called a “facilitator” guides the client who is called a “viewer” repetitively through an imaginal replay of a specific trauma. It is client- – or, as Dr. Gerbode prefers, “person-” – centered, in that a TIR facilitator doesn’t interpret or critique the viewer’s experience or tell him how he should feel or what to think about it. A patient and systematic anamnesis, TIR unsuppresses the trauma being addressed to provide the viewer the opportunity to review and revise his perspective on it. TIR’s uniqueness lies, in part, in the fact that a session continues until the viewer is completely relieved of whatever stress the target trauma originally provoked and any cognitive distortions (e.g., observations, decisions, conclusions) embedded within the incident have been restructured. (Gerbode, 1989)
TIR is recognized by the American Psychological Association) as a effective procedure for the successful management and reduction of trauma.